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SOME USEFUL REFERENCES

Books:

Capinera, J.L., R.D. Scott, and T.J. Walker. 2004. Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States Ithaca: Cornell University Press. (An excellent introduction that considers about one third of the U.S. grasshoppers, katydids, and crickets)

Chapman, R.F. and A. Joern, eds. 1990. Biology of Grasshoppers. New York.: John Wiley and Sons. (For the advanced student)

Elliott, Lang and W. Hershberger. 2007. The Songs of Insects Houghton Mifflin. (Terrific photos of 77 species of crickets, katydids, cicadas, and locusts with an accompanying CD)

Fontana, P., F.M. Buzzetti, and R. Mariño-Peréz. 2008. Chapulines, Langostas, Grillos, y Esperanzas de México: Guia Fotográfica (Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets & Katydids of Mexico: Photographic Guide) World Biodiversity Assocation onlus: Verona, Italy. A collection of quality photos with bilingual introductory material.

Helfer, J.R. 1987. How to Know the Grasshoppers, Crickets, Cockroaches and Their Allies. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. (Out of print but well worth looking for.)

Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America (Kaufman Field Guides). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. (A handy and affordable introduction to the common and not so common insects of the U.S. Treats a number of grasshoppers and their kin.)

Otte, D. 1981. The North American Grasshoppers. Vol. I, Acrididae: Gomphocerinae and Acridinae. Harvard Univ. Press. 275 pp. (For the advanced student)

Otte, D. 1984. The North American Grasshoppers, Volume II, Acrididae: Oedipodinae (North American Grasshoppers). Harvard Univ. Press. 366 pp. (For the advanced student)

Preston-Mafham, K. 1990. Grasshoppers & Mantids of the World. London: Cassell. (A useful introduction to the biology of these insects with stunning photos from around the world.)

[[[Panther-spotted Grasshopper (Poecilotettix pantherinus) Fort Huachuca, Sierra Vista, AZ (26 July 2008)

Websites:

BugGuide (the ultimate photographic insect reference site): http://bugguide.net/node/view/15740

Eades, D.C., D. Otte, M.M. Cigliano, and H. Braun, with S. Heads, P. Naskrecki, and The Orthopterists' Society. Orthoptera Species File (a taxonomic database of the world's Orthoptera including keys, photos of type specimens, sound recordings, specimen records, and extensive bibliographies): http://Orthoptera.SpeciesFile.org

Pfadt, R.E., S. Schell, and S. Schell. Field Guide to Common Western Grasshoppers: http://www.uwyo.edu/grasshoppersupport/Html_pages/fieldgde.htm

Grasshoppers: Their Biology, Identification and Management (U.S.D.A.)http://www.sidney.ars.usda.gov/grasshopper/

Walker, T.J. and T.E. Moore. Singing Insects of North America: http://buzz.ifas.ufl.edu/ (A fascinating site that includes photos, song clips, and identification keys treating all the species of U.S. crickets, and katydids)

A male Ridged Grasshopper (Conozoa carinata) has fallen prey to a robber fly (Asillidae: Efferia). Fort Huachuca, Cochise Co., AZ (12 June 2009)

Acknowledgements:

People who've been helpful with identification, photography, and access to local grasshoppers include: Dave Beaudette, Eric Eaton, David J. Ferguson, Carl A. Olson (University of Arizona), Bob Parks, Bill Radke (San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge), Sheridan Stone (Fort Huachuca), Pat Sullivan, Karen LeMay, Jo Ann Loza, Joe Woodley, and Charles Melton.

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